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Extensions to Adobe's BDF for greymap fonts

Adobe has defined a file format for distributing bitmap fonts called BDF. MicroSoft extended this format to support greymap (anti-aliased, each pixel representing various levels of grey rather than just black/white) fonts. Recently others have started using this same format (xmbdfed, freetype and fontforge).

In Section 3.1 of the format description Adobe defines a "SIZE" keyword. MicroSoft has added an optional fourth parameter to this keyword
         SIZE PointSize XRes YRes [Bits_Per_Pixel]
This fourth parameter may take the values 1, 2, 4 and 8. If omitted it is assumed to be 1. (FontForge will also read in fonts with values of 16 and 32, but it will simply ignore any low order data and only retain the high order byte).

FontForge will also include a font property
         BITS_PER_PIXEL Value
in all greymap fonts it generates.

FontForge will also mark all such fonts as version 2.3 of the bdf standard
         STARTFONT 2.3

The bitmap data are stored with 8, 4, 2 or 1 pixels packed into a byte depending on whether BITS_PER_PIXEL is 1, 2, 4 or 8. As in Adobe's spec all data are presented in hex and an even number of nibbles must be present.

Example:
  BITMAP
  C8
  ENDCHAR

Would represent the pixel sequences
Bits/Pixel Pixels
1 1,1,0,0,1,0,0,0
2 3,0,2,0
4 C,8
8 C8